Timeline of the Flags of Canada, Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom


I took an interest in the Union Flag and the historical ties between Canada, Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom:

CANZUK Flag Timeline Updated 5 to 3

YouTube video showing the evolution here:

0832 Scotland1118 England1198 Royal Standard of England1222 The Royal Banner of Scotland1365 Flag of the Kingdom of France1542 Royal Standard of the Kingdom of Ireland1707 1. Kings Colours Construction1707 2. Kings Colours1707 3. Kings Colours1707 4. Kings Colours Red Ensign1707 5. Kings Colours Blue Ensign1707 6. Kings Colours White Ensign1707 8. Kings Colours British East India Company1783 Ireland1801 2. Union Flag1801 3. Union Flag1801 4. Union Flag Red Ensign1801 5. Union Flag Blue Ensign1801 6. Union Flag White Naval Ensign1801 8. The Irish Green Ensign1801 9. The British East India Company1858 Nova Scotia1867 New Zealand Blue Ensign1868 The Canadian Red Ensign S. All

Shield 1. Ontario (St George’s Cross and Maple Leaf), 2. Quebec (Fleur De Lis, Royal Lion of England and Maple Leaf), 3. Nova Scotia (Thistle and Fish) and 4. New Brunswick (Royal Lion of England and sailing ship).

1873 The Canadian Red Ensign S. All

Shield 5. Manitoba (St George’s Cross and bison who roamed the province), 6. British Colombia (The royal crest of the Imperial Lion upon the Imperial Crown), 7. Prince Edward Island (Three oak samplings denoting the Island’s three counties beneath a mature Oak which represents Great Britain).

1896 The Canadian Red Ensign S. All

Shield 6. British Colombia Updated (“The sun never sets on the British Empire”)

1901A StarConstellations1901B TheSouthernCross1901C The New Zealand Red Ensign Construction Part 11901D The New Zealand Red Ensign Construction Part 21901I All TheNewZealandRedEnsign1901J All TheNewZealandRedEnsign

New Zealand had a referendum on changing their flag. They decided to keep their Blue Ensign:

The Southern Cross Crux α-Crux 9 sided, β-Crux 8 sided, γ-Crux 7 sided, δ-Crux 6 sided and ε-Crux 5 sided. The number of sides in each star denotes the relative brightness of the Southern Cross.

The Commonwealth star 6-sided representing the 6 states of the Commonwealth of Australia.

See the first Australia Red Ensign restored to its glory:

1903B TheAustralianRedEnsign21903C TheAustralianBlueEnsign2All stars in the Crux updated to 7 sides. This emphasises the Commonwealth star which is updated to 7 sides denoting 6 states and a territory (and any future territories).

1907 The Canadian Red Ensign S. All

Shield 7. Alberta (St George Cross above Rocky Mountains and their foothills followed by grass prairies and cultivated wheat fields) and 8. Saskatchewan (Royal Lion on yellow field – similar to the Royal banner of Scotland and three gold sheaves of wheat representing the province’s agriculture)

1907B TheAustralianRedEnsign31907C TheAustralianBlueEnsign3

All stars in the Crux updated to 7 sides. This emphasises the Commonwealth star which is updated to 7 sides (6 territories and a state).

1920 The British Royal Airforce Sky Blue Ensign1921 The Canadian Red Ensign 1. Construction1921 The Canadian Red Ensign 2. Construction1921 The Canadian Red Ensign 3. Construction1921 The Canadian Red Ensign S. All1921 The Canadian T Blue Ensign T. All1923 The New Zealand Royal Airforce Sky Blue Ensign1940 The British Royal Airforce Sky Blue Ensign1941 TheAustralianBlueEnsign1946 The Canadian Red Ensign Flag Proposal1948 The Australian Royal Airforce Sky Blue Ensign1953 TheAustralianBlueEnsign1957 The Canadian Red Ensign1957 The Canadian T Blue Ensign T. All1964 The Canadian Maple Leaf Design Proposal

The change of flag was forced upon Canada by the Liberal government despite the popularity of the much loved Canadian Red Ensign (my personally favourite flag). If a referendum had occurred on the flag change it may have likely failed like the case with New Zealand. See the Great Canadian Flag Debate:

1965 The Canadian Maple Leaf1967 The Australian White Ensign1968 A. The New Zealand White Ensign1968 B. The Canadian White Ensign1982 The Australian Royal Airforce Sky Blue Ensign1982 The Canadian Royal Sky Blue Ensign (Airforce Ensign)

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