Timeline of the Flags of Canada, Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom


I took an interest in the Union Flag and the historical ties between Canada, Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom:

CANZUK Flag Timeline Updated 5 to 3

YouTube video showing the evolution here:

0832 Scotland 1118 England 1198 Royal Standard of England 1222 The Royal Banner of Scotland 1365 Flag of the Kingdom of France 1542 Royal Standard of the Kingdom of Ireland 1707 1. Kings Colours Construction 1707 2. Kings Colours 1707 3. Kings Colours 1707 4. Kings Colours Red Ensign 1707 5. Kings Colours Blue Ensign 1707 6. Kings Colours White Ensign 1707 8. Kings Colours British East India Company 1783 Ireland 1801 2. Union Flag 1801 3. Union Flag 1801 4. Union Flag Red Ensign 1801 5. Union Flag Blue Ensign 1801 6. Union Flag White Naval Ensign 1801 8. The Irish Green Ensign 1801 9. The British East India Company 1858 Nova Scotia 1867 New Zealand Blue Ensign 1868 The Canadian Red Ensign S. All

Shield 1. Ontario (St George’s Cross and Maple Leaf), 2. Quebec (Fleur De Lis, Royal Lion of England and Maple Leaf), 3. Nova Scotia (Thistle and Fish) and 4. New Brunswick (Royal Lion of England and sailing ship).

1873 The Canadian Red Ensign S. All

Shield 5. Manitoba (St George’s Cross and bison who roamed the province), 6. British Colombia (The royal crest of the Imperial Lion upon the Imperial Crown), 7. Prince Edward Island (Three oak samplings denoting the Island’s three counties beneath a mature Oak which represents Great Britain).

1896 The Canadian Red Ensign S. All

Shield 6. British Colombia Updated (“The sun never sets on the British Empire”)

1901A StarConstellations 1901B TheSouthernCross 1901C The New Zealand Red Ensign Construction Part 1 1901D The New Zealand Red Ensign Construction Part 2 1901I All TheNewZealandRedEnsign 1901J All TheNewZealandRedEnsign

New Zealand had a referendum on changing their flag. They decided to keep their Blue Ensign:

The Southern Cross Crux α-Crux 9 sided, β-Crux 8 sided, γ-Crux 7 sided, δ-Crux 6 sided and ε-Crux 5 sided. The number of sides in each star denotes the relative brightness of the Southern Cross.

The Commonwealth star 6-sided representing the 6 states of the Commonwealth of Australia.

See the first Australia Red Ensign restored to its glory:

1903B TheAustralianRedEnsign2 1903C TheAustralianBlueEnsign2 All stars in the Crux updated to 7 sides. This emphasises the Commonwealth star which is updated to 7 sides denoting 6 states and a territory (and any future territories).

1907 The Canadian Red Ensign S. All

Shield 7. Alberta (St George Cross above Rocky Mountains and their foothills followed by grass prairies and cultivated wheat fields) and 8. Saskatchewan (Royal Lion on yellow field – similar to the Royal banner of Scotland and three gold sheaves of wheat representing the province’s agriculture)

1907B TheAustralianRedEnsign3 1907C TheAustralianBlueEnsign3

All stars in the Crux updated to 7 sides. This emphasises the Commonwealth star which is updated to 7 sides (6 territories and a state).

1920 The British Royal Airforce Sky Blue Ensign 1921 The Canadian Red Ensign 1. Construction 1921 The Canadian Red Ensign 2. Construction 1921 The Canadian Red Ensign 3. Construction 1921 The Canadian Red Ensign S. All 1921 The Canadian T Blue Ensign T. All 1923 The New Zealand Royal Airforce Sky Blue Ensign 1940 The British Royal Airforce Sky Blue Ensign 1941 TheAustralianBlueEnsign 1946 The Canadian Red Ensign Flag Proposal 1948 The Australian Royal Airforce Sky Blue Ensign 1953 TheAustralianBlueEnsign 1957 The Canadian Red Ensign 1957 The Canadian T Blue Ensign T. All 1964 The Canadian Maple Leaf Design Proposal

The change of flag was forced upon Canada by the Liberal government despite the popularity of the much loved Canadian Red Ensign (my personally favourite flag). If a referendum had occurred on the flag change it may have likely failed like the case with New Zealand. See the Great Canadian Flag Debate:

1965 The Canadian Maple Leaf 1967 The Australian White Ensign 1968 A. The New Zealand White Ensign 1968 B. The Canadian White Ensign 1982 The Australian Royal Airforce Sky Blue Ensign 1982 The Canadian Royal Sky Blue Ensign (Airforce Ensign)

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